Cigar and pipe tobacco come in a multitude of varieties that vary depending upon where they’re grown. Here is a list of the main tobacco classifications:
- Air-Cured - Naturally dried tobacco that usually is sheltered inside large barns from sunlight. After 3 months of the drying process sugar is the by-product. Cigar and Burley tobaccos are this.
- Dark Tobaccos - These leaves are used to make cigars and the tobacco plants they come from are very mature and developed. These leaves are also put through a second fermentation process.
- Fire-Cured – Very dark leaves that are naturally dried through wood-fired fumigation.
- Sun-Cured - Oriental tobaccos are made by this process and are grown in Turkey, Bulgaria, Greece, and also from adjoining countries.
- Here is a list of the different types of cigar and pipe tobacco:
This type of tobacco is used for pipe blends. It is grown in the United States in Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. It’s a rich tobacco that contains notes of floral and adds good aroma and body to the blends its with. One type of fire-cured tobacco is Latakia which has a smokey aroma and a very pronounced flavor. It is usually mixed with English and Balkan-style pipe tobacco. Latakia is made by curing the tobacco leaves and then smoked over aromatic shrubs in Syria, Cyprus, or even local hardwoods.
Brazilian Mata Fina
Used for cigars and is a cousin of Apriparaca. It embodies flavors of sweet, rich, wood. Usually used in higher end cigars.
This type of tobacco was accidentally made around 1839 by a slave of Captain Abisha Slade in Caswell Country, North Carolina. This type of tobacco is also known as Virginia tobacco too. Brightleaf is ready for harvest when it becomes yellow-green and is most commonly used in blending pipe tobacco.
Burley is also a very popular tobacco used for blending pipe tobacco. It was created in 1864 by a Mr. Webb near Higginsport, Ohio. Burley absorbs flavors pretty good so it is mainly used in aromatic blends and also much dryer and full aroma than Brightleaf tobacco. This type of tobacco also produces a nice cool smoke that burns slowly.
More or less Cavendish is more a process of cutting and curing a type of tobacco instead of being a type of tobacco on its own. It is usually produced out either Kentucky, Burley, or Virginia and used for cigars or pipe tobacco. Making Cavendish helps bring out a sweet and mild tasting tobacco. The processing of making Cavendish starts with pressing tobacco leaves into a small cake around an inch thick and then after the tobacco is allowed to ferment from either steam or heat from a fire. After, the cake is then broken apart by rubbing in a circular motion. Also artificial flavor maybe sometimes added before the tobacco is pressed into a cake.
Usually used as Maduro wrapper for cigars but, sometimes also used for the binder or filler. Thicker and more earthy tobacco than Connecticut Shade.
Used for milder cigars and is grown mainly in the Connecticut Valley. Produces good amounts of flavor and is a light-colored delicate leaf that is more on the expensive side.
Originally a Cuban strain of tobacco that is highly sought after for it’s smooth to creamy to very spicy flavor. It is primarily used for cigar wrappers and was developed in Vuelta Abajo region of Cuba by a man named Diego Rodriguez. The name Corojo comes from the name of Deigo’s farm, Santa Ines del Corojo.
Costa Rican Maron
Also known as Turkish tobacco and is used in pipe tobacco. It is sun-cured and known for being highly aromatic. Grown mainly in Greece, Bulgaria, Republic of Macedonia, Lebanon, and of course Turkey.
Known for having a very strong flavor and is used in blending with Virginian pipe tobacco. Perique came from Saint James Parish, Louisiana and was created by Pierre Chenet in 1824.
Olor, Piloto Cubano, and San Vincente
These 3 are used for cigar fillers and can vary widely. Usually heard in describing the name of a cigar. Also in describing a cigar and determining it’s strength are 3 other main types of fillers: Volado, Seco, and Ligero.
Used in the making of cigar wrappers and has a sweet flavor to it. Can vary from country to country of origin though.